Nigel Cawthorne studied at University College, London, where he gained an honours degree in physics, before turning to writing as a career. He has been a writer and editor for more than twenty-five years, the last twenty-one freelance. He has written, contributed to, and edited more than eighty books including "Pirates: An Illustrated History, Turning the Tide: Decisive Battles of the Second World War, Stalin: The Murderous Career of the Red Tsar," and "Mafia: History of the Mob." His work has appeared on both sides of the Atlantic in a variety of publications, including the "New York Times" and "Financial Times," and he has even appeared on the "Joan Rivers Show." Nigel lives in Bloomsbury in the heart of literary London.