Basic and Applied Research - pr_341055

Basic and Applied Research

The Language of Science Policy in the Twentieth Century



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The distinction between basic and applied research was central to twentieth-century science and policymaking, and if this framework has been contested in recent years, it nonetheless remains ubiquitous in both scientific and public discourse. Employing a transnational, diachronic perspective informed by historical semantics, this volume traces the conceptual history of the basic-applied distinction from the nineteenth century to today, taking stock of European developments alongside comparative case studies from the United States and China. It shows how an older dichotomy of pure and applied research was reconceived in response to rapid scientific progress and then further transformed by the geopolitical circumstances of the postwar era.

Product code: 9781785338106

ISBN 9781785338106
Basic and Applied Research traces the conceptual history of the distinction between basic and applied research to its origins in nineteenth-century Europe, explores its role in different ideological contexts after World War II, and ultimately provides valuable insights into present-day EU research policy.